A teacher can create more effective questions through the use of the following strategies:

  1. Ask open-ended questions.
  2. Ask follow-up questions.
  3. Ask extension questions.
  4. Wait for students’ answers.
  5. Don’t evaluate responses.
  6. Use questions to move the class toward the learn­ing goal.
  7. Use clarifying questions (“Explain . . .”).
  8. Ask “how” or “why” questions.
  9. Pose questions before asking a student to re­spond.
  10. Prepare 12 to 15 questions for an hour’s discus­sion.
  11. Don’t settle for only one answer.
  12. Develop a tolerance for silence.
  13. Avoid answering your own question.

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